Diagnosing anal cancer A GP will usually ask about your symptoms and carry out some examinations. While they're unlikely to be caused by anal cancer, it's best to get them checked out. If chemoradiation has not been successful or the cancer has returned after treatment, a more complex operation called an abdominoperineal resection may be recommended. If the tumour is very small, it may be cut out during a procedure called a local excision. You should receive an appointment within 2 weeks if there's a chance you might have cancer.
Charlie. Age: 22.
Find out more about how chemotherapy is carried out Radiotherapy is usually given in short sessions over several weeks.
Adilynn. Age: 32.
Your risk of developing anal cancer increases as you get older, with half of all cases diagnosed in people aged 65 or over. Once these are complete, your doctors will be able to "stage" the cancer. You can read more about the stages of anal cancer on the Cancer Research UK website.